Present geothermal greenhouses in Turkey have exceeded the productiveness achieved by developed international locations in greenhouse cultivation, and the manufacturing of agricultural merchandise with high-added worth and export functionality, comparable to tropical merchandise, has turn out to be attainable. 21 of 37 specialised organized industrial zones based mostly on agriculture established in Turkey since 2018 might be heated with geothermal power. Geothermal power can even be used for the wholesome drying of greens and fruits. The world’s largest greenhouse heated with geothermal power can even be established in Balikesir. TDIOSB, the development of which continues on 800 hectares in Gonen. This geothermal greenhouse manufacturing zone will price 300 million USD and supply employment for 10,000 folks.
As Europe’s chief and the world’s fourth nation when it comes to geothermal useful resource wealth, Turkey is on the brink of have a say on this planet with its geothermal greenhouse practices. Geothermal greenhouses, which play an important position in accessing wholesome and cost-effective meals, are being established in lots of elements of Turkey. The power prices of greenhouses are minimized with geothermal power, which is a home, clear, and sustainable useful resource. In line with the information of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry in Turkey, which has grown by greater than 400 % in geothermal greenhouse cultivation since 2002, 529 hectares of greenhouse areas are at the moment being heated with geothermal power. This determine stays effectively beneath the nation’s potential, and with the fitting insurance policies and incentive mechanisms, the geothermal greenhouse manufacturing space can attain 10,000 hectares in 10 years.
There are various benefits of heating greenhouses with geothermal power. Heating prices in greenhouses make up 60-70 % of the entire manufacturing price. For the reason that newly constructed greenhouses are heated with geothermal sources, the power price will lower by 40 to 50%. In geothermal-sourced greenhouses, a rise in yield is achieved by 5-6 occasions in comparison with tomato manufacturing within the open. As well as, conserving the humidity within the greenhouse below management prevents illnesses that will come up in open-field manufacturing. That is said as a situation requested by the European Union and Worldwide Meals/Well being organizations. On the identical time, hormone-free manufacturing is feasible as a result of supreme inside temperature.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has additionally ready a feasibility report and an investor information for geothermal greenhouse cultivation. Within the information, which states that the environment friendly use of geothermal sources in our nation in greenhouse cultivation is necessary for financial progress, It was emphasised that it was aimed to extend high quality, dependable, and sustainable plant manufacturing to create a model in agricultural merchandise, to extend exports, productiveness, added worth, growth, and competitiveness.
Wanting on the geothermal greenhouse areas in Turkey, one can observe it has largely unfold to the Aegean, Central Anatolia, and Southeastern Anatolia Areas. Manufacturing is underway in 11 months of the yr within the cities of Adiyaman, Afyonkarahisar, Agri, Aksaray, Aydin, Denizli, Balikesir, Eskisehir, Izmir, Kirsehir, Kutahya, Konya, Manisa, Nevsehir, Sakarya, Sanliurfa, Usak, Van and Yozgat with soilless agriculture utilizing geothermal power because the heating system.
The primary Geothermal-Based mostly Greenhouse and Agriculture-Based mostly Specialised Organized Industrial Zone in Turkey was established on 70 hectares of land within the Saraykoy district of Denizli in 2018. Since then, 21 Agricultural Specialised Organized Zones, that are deliberate to be heated with geothermal power, have been established.
The agriculture-based Specialised Organized Industrial Zone mission, which is constructing a geothermal greenhouse on 800 hectares in Balikesir Gonen, would be the largest mission not solely in Turkey but additionally on this planet. When the mission, which can price 300 million USD, is accomplished, 250,000 tons of greens might be produced yearly and can present employment for 10,000 folks.
Dikili Agricultural Greenhouse Specialised Organized Industrial Zone in Izmir, which is without doubt one of the provinces with the richest geothermal sources in Turkey, might be one other tackle for contemporary and technological greenhouse cultivation. Infrastructure works proceed at full pace within the area, the muse of which was laid final yr. Wind, photo voltaic, and biomass power can even be used within the mission. Different noteworthy geothermal greenhouses established or within the means of being constructed are as follows:
Established on an space of 130 hectares in Agri-Diyadin, a separate greenhouse might be heated with geothermal sources. Moreover, inside the scope of the Geothermal Kaynakli Greenhouse, which is deliberate to be established on an space of 300 hectares in Afyonkarahisar, direct employment might be supplied to three,500 folks, 75% of whom are ladies. One other geothermal greenhouse mission, which continues to be established on an space of 13.5 hectares in Manisa’s Kula district, will begin manufacturing on the finish of 2023.
Geothermal heated agriculture-based greenhouse development works have began in Kayseri Kocasinan on a 120-hectare space. It’s aimed to fee chimneyless factories within the zone inside two years. Twenty-five greenhouse companies will function within the Geothermal Greenhouse Specialised Organized Industrial Zone, which might be established on an space of 240 hectares in Banaz, Usak. One other Agricultural Greenhouse Specialised Zone might be established on an space of 240 hectares in Balikesir Bigadic.
Within the geothermal greenhouse, which was constructed on an space of 25 decares in Sakarya, 8 completely different tomato species started to be grown. The primary harvest was made within the geothermal greenhouse mission, which was carried out on an space of 10 decares in Ankara Haymana. Kayseri Kocasinan Agriculture-Based mostly Specialised Zone gained authorized standing and have become the thirty seventh organized industrial zone affiliated with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
A Turkish power firm will improve the present geothermal manufacturing capability of Turkey and make a geothermal greenhouse funding that can attain 500 hectares when accomplished. When the development of 60 hectares might be accomplished this yr, employment might be supplied for 4,500 folks. Manufacturing has began within the Biomass Power Supported Geothermal Greenhouse working on an space of 1 hectare in Erzurum. Moreover, manufacturing began within the geothermal greenhouse situated within the Kozakli district of Nevsehir.
Canakkale Ayvacik Agricultural-Based mostly Geothermal Supply Greenhouse Specialised zone’s development continues, whereas it’s deliberate to determine trendy technological greenhouses for decorative vegetation and floriculture on a complete space of 64 hectares in Edremit.
Supply: Gozlem Gazetesi