January gardening concepts: mid-winter (month two)


I really like winter, particularly on chilly crisp days when the world might be seen with such readability. These are the months to arrange and plan, to prune, weed and add dormant vegetation prepared for the burst of life in spring to come back.


Luggage of well-composted manure
  • Weeding: now could be the perfect time to get into plantings and weed out annual and perennial weeds utilizing a hand fork or hori hori. I take advantage of each, the hori hori for faucet roots and hand fork for finer spreading roots. On dry days it might be chilly however these roots come out simply.
  • Mulch: if you happen to haven’t already, you possibly can nonetheless mulch planting areas with home made and peat-free compost or well-rotted manure. Previous recommendation says it is best to do that when the bottom is heat nevertheless it makes little distinction.
  • Gradual reduce: I go away most vegetation over winter for wildlife till the climate begins warming up however as some vegetation collapse and look worse for put on, I start to make gradual snips to take away the worst offenders. These are added to compost heap or chopped up with secateurs and left on the bottom as a mulch.
  • Clear: greenhouses, pots, sheds and instruments all want tidy within the winter months so, no time like the current!


I draw up a easy plan like this for our allotment.
  • Look: have a wander by your backyard to take a look at vegetation to see which shrubs may want pruning both now or later within the 12 months, which vegetation may want dividing and for another fascinating planty goings on.
  • Revisit images: look again by the images you took of your backyard during the last 12 months. What labored? What didn’t? What is going to want transferring? It is a very helpful train when the backyard is wanting largely useless in winter.
  • Crop rotations: draw up a plan of your edible kitchen gardens and take into consideration a 5 12 months crop rotation, transferring the crops round so that they aren’t rising in the identical spot for a variety of years in a row. This could minimise pests and ailments on crops and helps to steadiness vitamins within the soil.


My little veg mattress in the neighborhood backyard has broadbean, Vicia faba ‘Aquadulce Claudia’ rising
  • Order seeds of: tomatoes, peppers, chillies, onions, shallots and aubergine as these are began now or very quickly.
  • Order seed potatoes
  • Sprouts and microgreens: might be grown in any month, even within the depths of winter and for that reason I believe they’re sensible.
  • Brussel sprouts: harvest and assist utilizing canes in opposition to winter winds.
  • Sprouting broccoli: assist them with canes to cease sturdy winter winds knocking them over earlier than they crop in spring.


Fruit cage
  • Raspberry canes: plant dormant raspberry canes now. If in case you have room develop summer season and autumn raspberries, in any other case simply develop autumn raspberries as a result of they’re a lot simpler to take care of.
  • Gooseberries and pink currants: prune now for vigour and form. Reduce out diseased, useless, broken and crossing shoots first. Gooseberries and pink currants (and white currants) ought to develop on a single stem with branches coming from about 10cm from the bottom. Take away any suckers or low rising shoots to maintain this clear trunk. Take away and branches which are rising low to the bottom, preserving solely these rising upright. Take away any within the centre to take care of a reasonably open department form. I desire to spur prune, which implies working your approach alongside every stem decreasing both sides shoot to about 5-8cm lengthy, that is the place fruits develop. Cut back the tip of every principal department by in regards to the size of your secateurs.
  • Apples and pears: order and plant naked root timber now whereas dormant as there’s a wider vary they usually’re cheaper than potted vegetation. Winter prune vegetation now for construction.
  • Fruit cages: now could be the perfect time to construct one if you’re pondering of including it, earlier than something begins rising and getting in the way in which.

Flowers and foliage

Loopy Victorian topiary, experiments with hedges!
  • Candy peas: sow now inside on a windowsill or in a cool glasshouse or polytunnel. Shield from mice till they germinate – I germinate inside and transfer outdoors to a chilly body as soon as they’re rising for that reason.
  • Hellebores: take away all outdated leaves if you happen to haven’t already to stop illness this coming 12 months, black spot might be carried over throughout years on the leaves if you happen to don’t do that.
  • Roses: prune if you happen to haven’t already, test on-line for find out how to prune the kind you’ve gotten.
  • Dahlia cuttings: when you’ve got dug up your dahlias (I’m not likely positive why anybody would trouble as they’re largely hardy within the decrease two thirds of the UK) you can begin some rising now if you happen to plan to take cuttings from them. In any other case go away them for an additional month or so.
  • Buddleja and Sambucus (elderflower): reduce laborious now or subsequent month whereas dormant, you possibly can go proper to the bottom however I have a tendency to chop to about 30 – 60cm relying on how giant I need them to develop in summer season. For Sambucus flowers, solely reduce them again flippantly in any other case they received’t flower this 12 months however you should have bigger leaves. Buddleja flower irrespective of how laborious you narrow them.
  • Wisteria: perform the winter prune.
  • Evaluation evergreen construction: have a look at your backyard bare in winter (the backyard, not you bare… although really both is ok in case your neighbours are OK with it). Is it value including any evergreen shrubs or perennials to enhance the winter look? Until it’s completely freezing, potted vegetation might be planted now.

Home vegetation

  • Repot: begin repotting houseplants now. I take advantage of peculiar peat free compost, although for those who like drier situations like cacti, succulents and Hippeastrum I add horticultural grit and typically just a little sand. Orchids have a tendency to make use of a unique mixture of flippantly composted bark and moss.
  • Cutback: dried leaves might be eliminated now.
  • Fertilise: some houseplants shall be actively rising in winter both as a result of it’s their time to take action or as a result of they’re confused by central heating. Float and provides em a lift with just a little fertiliser, I take advantage of natural seaweed fertiliser diluted in water.

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The put up January gardening concepts: mid-winter (month two) first appeared on Jack Wallington Backyard Design Ltd..