Are Geraniums Perennials or Annuals? (w/ footage)


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Are geraniums perennials or annuals? The reply doesn’t have a easy black-and-white reply, so preserve studying to search out out! A part of it entails confusion amongst botanical names and customary names, but it surely additionally has to do along with your rising atmosphere. 


First, there may be at all times confusion in the case of naming vegetation. Once we hear the phrase “geranium”, it actually may very well be certainly one of two completely different vegetation, and I’ll get into every of them within the following sections.

When many people consider geranium, we consider the vegetation within the Pelargonium genus which can be generally known as geraniums.

These are the widespread, flowering bedding vegetation that we see all over the place, and that additionally make great container vegetation. 

To make issues extra complicated, there are additionally hardy geraniums that truly belong to the genus Geranium so these are true geraniums! Now, let’s get into the annual vs. perennial dialogue of each of those vegetation. 



There are about 286 accepted Pelargonium species, and they’re native to a lot of Africa, and likewise Australia. Lots of the species are native to South Africa. So many lovely hybrids and cultivars have been developed and these are present in virtually each backyard middle. 

These are thought of tender perennials. These evergreen perennials don’t tolerate frost, so if they’re left outdoors in colder climates, they’re typically instances simply handled as annual vegetation.

Should you reside in USDA hardiness Zone 9 or increased, you’ll be capable to develop these vegetation year-round outdoors. Should you reside in Zone 8 or beneath, you’ll be able to merely develop them as annuals, or you’ll be able to overwinter your geraniums from 12 months to 12 months.

Should you’re unsure what rising zone you’re in, try this plant hardiness zone calculator that tells you by merely getting into in your zip code. 

Throughout the Pelargoniums genus, there are lots of sorts of “geraniums” and listed here are 4 of the most well-liked varieties.



These are the most well-liked varieties they usually obtain their title as a result of zones of maroon or bronzy-green within the middle of the foliage of many of those vegetation. These vegetation are predominantly grown for his or her lovely flowers, however additionally they have enticing foliage. 

They’ve a protracted blooming season and might be in fixed bloom with the fitting circumstances! They arrive in each single and double flowers, and the colourful blooms are available in white, pink, orange, purple, lavender, salmon, magenta, and even bicolored. 

There are even attractive varieties with colourful, variegated leaves. 

These are finest grown in not less than just a few hours of direct daylight, if not full solar circumstances to ensure that finest flowering to happen.

Should you reside in a very sizzling, sunny local weather, partial shade particularly throughout mid-day when the solar is strongest would supply one of the best outcomes. 

For extra recommendations on tips on how to get your vegetation to flower frequently, try my weblog publish on tips on how to get geraniums to bloom

Should you reside in a local weather with chilly winters and also you need to preserve your vegetation 12 months after 12 months, try my weblog publish on tips on how to overwinter geraniums. It is going to be simpler than you suppose! I’ve executed it many instances and there are a number of methods to do it. 

Should you don’t need them to go dormant, you’ll be able to proceed rising them indoors in a sunny window. 

Properly-drained soil is a should for these vegetation as they will rot simply in any other case. 


Rose Scented Geranium

​Scented geraniums have flowers which can be slightly insignificant, however they’re predominantly grown for the attractive scent of the foliage.

There are rose-scented geraniums, in addition to ones that odor like lemon and even chocolate. The citronella plant that’s standard for repelling mosquitos can also be a kind of scented geranium. 

Scented geraniums are perennials if grown in hardiness zones 10 or hotter, in any other case they’ll act as annuals in climates colder than this.

Should you haven’t grown any of those, their scents are pleasant and make an indispensable a part of any scented backyard!



Ivy geraniums are sometimes grown in hanging baskets since they’ve a trailing nature. Additionally they make gorgeous vegetation for window bins.

They usually have waxy inexperienced leaves and are loaded with flowers if properly cared for and given sufficient direct solar.

These are perennials in zone 10 or hotter, and act as annuals in climates colder than zone 10.



Martha Washington geraniums are also called regal geraniums and aren’t as extensively grown as a lot of the different varieties talked about above.

That is most likely defined by the truth that they want extra exacting cultural circumstances to develop properly. These varieties want cooler evening time temperatures to develop and bloom properly. 

These vegetation reportedly might be perennials in zones as chilly as zone 7 (if mulched closely), in any other case it’s most likely finest to simply develop these an annuals.


Cranesbill Geranium

These are the true geraniums if you’ll, and truly belong to the genus Geranium. There are about 360 accepted species of Geraniums. 

Within the backyard setting, the most well-liked might be Geranium maculatum. These vegetation are generally generally known as cranesbill geraniums or just, wild geranium. They get this title as a result of seed pods that appear to be the pinnacle and beak of a crane.

They’re native to central and Japanese United States and Canada. These are herbaceous perennial vegetation which can be hardy all the way down to zone 3.

Cranesbill geraniums do finest partially shade in a pleasant fertile soil that has loads of natural matter, but additionally that’s well-drained.

The fragile, fairly flowers are pinkish to mild purple or lilac coloured and the blooming interval is usually late spring to early summer season.

Generally the flowers are even white, however that is rarer. The vegetation naturalize superbly in a woodland setting and kind great clumps, however they don’t seem to be invasive.


These perennial geraniums like loads of moisture and can flower finest in full solar to mild shade. Crops in sunnier spots will want extra watering, notably when you’ve got new vegetation in your backyard. 

I hope you’ve loved this publish! Do you might have any geraniums? That are your favourite? Remark beneath. I’d love to listen to!